Basic Scientific and Research Works
Scientific and research works of the Kazakh Research Institute of Cotton Growing are focused on the development of new and domestic competitive cotton varieties, study of agricultural technologies, soil modification, improvement of cotton crop rotation, and fertilizer application system.
During their activity the scientists of the Kazakh Scientific and Research Institute of Cotton Growing have developed a number of new works, in particular:
Intensive cotton managing technology is developed, taking into account soil and climatic conditions of various cotton-growing regions of Kazakhstan.
Cotton irrigation regimes are developed for sprinkler irrigation, furrow irrigation, technology of autumn-winter irrigation depending on soil salinity and groundwater depth.
The high efficiency of cotton and alfalfa irrigation is achieved (in the seeding year before the first cut) by irrigation using the sprinkler unit SDC-100 M (sprinkling double console unit - 100 m).
Highly efficient water-saving technology of cotton managing on the basis of in-depth study of all life factors influencing the formation of the crop was developed.
12 new varieties of domestic innovative medium staple cotton (5 of which are zoned: PА-3031, PА-3044, М-4005, М-4007 and М-4011) resistant to various stress factors increasing cotton yield by 5-6 t/ha were found. Cotton varieties were introduced into production, and occupy more than 89% of the total arable land in cotton seeds of the Republic.
Two new varieties of melons and 1 variety of cultivar of perennial grasses were found.
For large-scale farms 9 and 10 complete cotton-alfalfa crop rotation were developed under the scheme:
- 3: 6 (3 years for alfalfa and 6years for cotton);
- 3: 7 (3 years for alfalfa and 7 years for cotton);
- 3: 4: 1: 2 (3 years for alfalfa: 4 years for cotton 1 year for crops: 2 years for cotton), economic effect of the application of various crop rotations schemes is 3.0 - 5.0 t/ha.
3 effective short rotational schemes for small agroformation cotton crop rotation were developed:
- 2: 1 (2 years for alfalfa + 1 year for cotton);
- 1: 2 (1-year for grain-maize, agromeliorative field + 2 years for cotton);
- 3: 3 (3 years for alfalfa + 3 years for cotton) that improve soil fertility and crop yield by 3.0 - 5.0 t/ha.
A new innovative moisture and resource saving technology for cotton managing was developed.
Methodical basis and model for determining the economic efficiency of cotton managing technology were developed in the Southern Kazakhstan.
For the first time a three-year scheme for the original cotton seed production and five-year scheme for elite seeds production and first reproduction were developed under the market economy conditions.
System of nitrogen, phosphate and potash fertilizers usage, depending on the crop rotation fields, limitations of land development and cultivation, water regime and soil salinity was developed and recommended for production.
Defoliant activity of various defoliants and their effect on new cotton varieties cultivated in different zones of the South Kazakhstan region was determined.
Eight state standards were developed for cotton products:
- ST RK Raw Cotton. Methods of sampling.
- ST RK Raw Cotton. Method for moisture determination.
- ST RK Raw Cotton. Method for contamination determination.
- ST RK Raw Cotton. The method of determining the grade.
- ST RK Raw Cotton Processing. Terms and Definitions.
- ST RK Raw Cotton. Methods for Determining the Cotton Fiber Characteristics.
- ST RK Cotton lint. Specifications.
- ST RK Raw Seed Cotton and Cotton Seeds. Methods of Sampling.
Technological Regulations Processing of Raw Cotton in the Cotton Fiber" were developed.
Instruction on the use of selection methods for the attribute correlation to stabilize agronomic characters of cotton growing lines.
Guide for elite sowing seed production and new cotton varieties reproductions was developed.
Technical Regulations for original, elite and cotton seeds production were developed.
All the works of the institute researchers are widely used by cotton agroformations of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
During last 6 years, Kazakh Research Institute of Cotton Growing LLP researches have published more than 75 books, monographs, recommendations, guidelines and collections of scientific works. They have published more than 1,500 articles in various media of Kazakhstan, Russia and foreign countries, including more than 40 scientific articles published in international journals with impact factor during last 2 years.
Kazakh Scientific and Research Institute of Cotton Growing received 140 Copyright Certificates and 46 Patents and Innovation Patents on selection achievement for domestic new cotton varieties, for the development of crop managing technologies and utility model patents.